In the past, a protocol at ONUTOC on wildlife crime had been raised about a wildlife protocol, but it had not generated much enthusiasm. However, this support could develop now, especially in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak. Coordination and communication between the task force agencies are done at all levels. Weekly calls with the State Department (DOS), the Department of Justice (DOJ), the U.S. Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) ensure that lines of communication are always open and problems can be resolved quickly. Monthly working group meetings, particularly on programs, ensure strategic and effective use of U.S. resources, avoiding duplication and revealing both gaps and opportunities for coordination in the U.S. government`s efforts to combat wildlife trafficking. The quarterly meetings of the task force`s agencies at the operational level allow us to update progress, exchange knowledge and develop new and collaborative efforts. The task force meets annually at the main level and provides policy directions and directions. These processes are complemented by meetings with individual private and non-governmental partners, as well as recurrent meetings with our international partners at the bilateral and multilateral level.
This promotes and encourages new and growing partnerships between agencies and agencies, making it possible to use our national approach effectively. But what if the restriction, or even the ban, of the legal trade in wildlife sends this trade into the underground, thus further fuelling the volume of illegal wildlife trade? The NOAA Office of Law Enforcement (NOAA OLE) supports the implementation of the wildlife trade through joint implementation agreements under the control of the Energy Cooperation Program (CEP). Through the CEp, in order to enforce federal law, national law and territorial law, enforcement partners conduct inspections on board ships and at ports of entry to prevent wildlife and IDI fishing products. The London Convention finally paved the way for a discussion on the institutionalization of conservation that led to the creation of IUCN in 1948. At their seventh General Assembly in 1960, IUCN delegates expressed concern about the threatened status of many species and called on governments to limit animal imports in accordance with exporting countries` rules. This emphasized that countries often did not know the rules of other countries. To address this problem, the IUCN General Assembly called in 1963 for the creation of a new treaty regulating international wildlife trade (McNeely, 2003). In Zambia, USAID has supported community and private partnerships to improve wildlife management, strengthen the Community`s capacity to combat wildlife trafficking and conservation crimes, and increase the opportunity to benefit from an animal and forest-based economy.
USAID has helped train 26 law enforcement agencies (15 men and 11 women) capable of improving law enforcement practices, including canine guides for a specialized hunting dog unit. In GJ 2019, USAID stepped up support for community recruiters and trained 40 to track down illegal wildlife crops. A new initiative supported the creation of an anti-poaching unit (APU) that trained 28 community scouts and three wildlife police officers. In the first month, the APU arrested three suspects with bushmeat, snares and weapons. NOAA OLE participated in a bilateral meeting between the United States and Mexico in Mexico City, Mexico, to discuss with Mexican colleagues various issues related to wildlife trafficking related to marine species.