A de facto standard is a standard (formal or informal) that has acquired a dominant position because of tradition, application or market dominance. It has not necessarily obtained formal authorization through a standardization procedure and may not have a standard official document. The term « de facto head of state » is sometimes used to describe the position of Governor General in the Commonwealth Empires, because a person holding that position has the same responsibilities in his country as the de jure head of state (the sovereign) within the United Kingdom. A fact-deed contract refers to an agreement to transfer ownership from one person to another, but which is somehow defective. Read 3 min Another example of a de facto leader is someone who is not the true sovereign, but who exerts great or total influence on the true sovereign, which is quite common in monarchies. Some examples of these de facto leaders are Empress Dowager Cixi of China (for son Tongzhi and Emperor Neffe Guangxu), Prince Alexander Menshikov (for his former empress Catherine I of Russia), Cardinal Richelieu of France (for Louis XIII) and Queen Mary Caroline of Naples and Sicily (for her husband King Ferdinand I. of the two Sicilys). Most de facto relationships end amicably. However, there are sometimes controversies about the division of property or children. After the breakdown of a de facto relationship, there are three ways to clarify how to share ownership: « The general rule is that if a minor ratifies a contract after he becomes a major, it becomes valid and in full force from the beginning. The rule that an infant`s general contracts are not null and void, i.e. they are de facto contracts subject to the possibility of reluctance, it makes sense that when the child has reached the age of majority and has ratified a contract concluded in childhood, his only fragility is removed and that he should be treated as if he were in force from the beginning.
Ratification should not be seen as a new treaty, but only as the definitive abandonment of the optional right to declaration. [Thick v. Aetna Life Ins. Co., 176 pp.C. 476 (S.C. 1935)] In law and government, de facto (/de, di – / tag FAK-toh, dee -;;  In Latin: de facto [de facto], « indeed »), describes practices that exist in reality, although they are not officially recognized by law.    It is often used to refer to what happens in practice, contrary to de jure (« by law ») which refers to things that happen under the law. Making a pre-de facto agreement before moving in together gives you the certainty that your assets are protected. It allows you to define and isolate certain assets or financial resources from claims in the event of a relationship breakdown. Since the de facto definition depends on the particular circumstances of a couple, the law has formulated a number of factors to determine whether a couple is de facto or less serious.